Niagara Gazette

War of 1812

June 10, 2012

Communities mark 'Declaration of War of 1812'

Communities celebrate 'Declaration of War of 1812'

(Continued)

Niagara Gazette —

Meanwhile, across the river on Saturday, community leaders, local government officials and the public will assemble beneath the 210-foot-high Brock Monument to hear the story of how the British commander died leading his troops up Queenston Heights to drive back the invading American forces. To this day, Major Gen. Sir Isaac Brock is considered a hero and legend in Canadian history.

Also on Saturday at Queenston Heights, a Heritage Fair is scheduled from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. with historical vendors, merchants and free entertainment all day.

On Sunday, a multi-denominational church service will be held at 1 p.m. in the Chippawa Battlefield in Niagara Falls, Ont. At 9 p.m., a special viewing of WNED-TV’s documentary, “The War of 1812,” will be shown on an outdoor HD cinema at Oaks Garden, adjacent to the Rainbow Bridge, followed by a giant fireworks display over the falls.

The War of 1812, sometimes called “the second war of independence” for Americans, ended in 1815 with the Treaty of Ghent. Historians are divided on the causes of the war but it is generally agreed the British impressment of (U.S.) seamen was a prime reason. With the steady loss of sailors in England’s costly war against Napolean, the British simply stopped many American ships at sea and forced their crew members to serve in the Royal Navy.

The New England states staunchly opposed the war because of the adverse impact they contended it would have on their trade with Europe. Meanwhile, the South eyed the war as a chance for domination, especially to take over the vast area that included Florida. In the West, the stalwart frontiersmen supported the war as an opportunity to expand their territory and perhaps even acquire the rich Canadian lands then under the control of Britain. In the end, many historians noted, the war enhanced Canada’s efforts to attain nationhood.

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