Niagara Gazette

Columns

November 14, 2013

TOM'S CORNER: Severe and normal service recommendations for fluids in your car

(Continued)

Niagara Gazette — Follow the Normal Service application if you drive at least 20 miles each day at highway speeds, never go off-road, never or rarely load or work the vehicle and/or do not tow trailers or use snowplows.

Engine coolant

Engine coolant courses through the cooling system of the engine absorbing and transferring heat from the engine’s combustion chambers to the radiator where it is cooled and re-circulated back into the engine to repeat the process. Engine coolant has formulated into it chemical packages that inhibit rust & scale buildup, lubricate water pumps, protect against freeze up and absorb heat from the engine to transfer it to the radiator to where the heat is dissipated. Leaving the engine coolant in the engine too long, operating the engine in an overheated condition and/or working the engine extremely hard can and does result in breakdown of the coolant’s chemical properties, thus leaving the engine unprotected from freeze up, allowing rust & scale buildup in the cooling system, excessive friction & wear of the water pump and ineffective engine cooling.

Follow the Severe Service application if you tow a trailer, drive frequently in stop-and-go traffic, idle long periods of time, use a snow plow, haul heavy loads and load the vehicle frequently, drive off-road regularly, essentially you work the vehicle hard. All these conditions contribute to engine coolant breakdown and thus loss of cooling system protection for your engine.

Follow the Normal Service application if you drive at least 20 miles each day at highway speeds, always warm the engine to operating temperature, never or rarely load the vehicle, never go off-road or do not tow trailers or use snowplows.

Power steering fluid

Power steering fluid is the medium by which power assisted steering is achieved. The system consists of a pump and fluid reservoir, lines and a power steering gear. The pump creates hydraulic pressure from pumping the fluid, which hydraulically powers the steering gear making steering a vehicle easy for anyone, regardless of his or her stature & strength. On most vehicles, power steering fluid does not show up in the maintenance schedule and thus there are no severe or normal service recommendations for power steering fluid, the only suggestion I have here is to check it every oil change, inspecting closely for evidence of metal flakes indicating steering gear or pump wear or a black or dark color indicating overheating of the fluid and thus need for replacement and system inspection.

Text Only | Photo Reprints
Columns
  • NIA Confer, Bob mug new CONFER: It's time the U.S. stopped giving aid to Israel When you see some of the atrocities that Israel has committed in Gaza, including last week's bombing of a United Nations school that was being used as a civilian emergency shelter, you should really wonder why we count them as an ally and why we devote so much of our financial and political resources to the scoundrels.

    July 29, 2014 1 Photo

  • NIA Higgs, Norma mug HIGGS: A cupcake gets the Niagara Beautification Commission spotlight Not a cupcake per se, but a cute shop in LaSalle operated by a "sweet" lady who is a real dynamo when it comes to running a business.

    July 28, 2014 1 Photo

  • NIA Glynn, Don mug [Duplicate] GLYNN: A key factor in luring the convention A natural wonder in the nation's oldest state park isn't the lone factor for selecting Niagara Falls as a convention site.

    July 27, 2014 1 Photo

  • SINGER: Regional poetry and sad realities If that isn't (or wasn't) poetry, I don't know what is! I'm referring to the self-satisfied, sluggish trot of ice chunks emanating from Lake Erie in early May 2014 -- sauntering, it felt, along the lovely Niagara.

    July 27, 2014

  • NIA Smith, Doug and Polly LETTERS FROM THE ISLAND: Quest for an appointment comes up short We're rolling up our sleeves for Quest. The Big Mac of blood tests, the Tops of tourniquets, the Sears of screenings, opens on our Island at Monday's crack of dawn.

    July 26, 2014 1 Photo

  • NIA Davis, Vincent mug VINCENT DAVIS: Pledge your allegiance to the Slurpee, America's treat By now you must be aware that it is, in fact, summer. And since summer is a season not characterized by any obvious weather events (sometimes it's hot for days in a row, sometimes you get a bunch of rainy days and chilly nights) but instead activities, I'd like to bring attention to an underrated staple of summer sun enjoyment: Consuming the brain freeze-inducing snack classic, the Slurpee.

    July 26, 2014 1 Photo

  • NIA Hamilton, Ken mug HAMILTON: Popeye's '7-Minute' guide to educating southerners -- and me! Writer Mark Twain said that when he 14, his father was so ignorant that he could hardly stand to have the old man around. But upon turning 21, Twain said that he was astonished by how much his father had learned in just seven years.

    July 25, 2014 1 Photo

  • NIA DeLuca, Michele mug DELUCA: Wegmans call warns of bad fruit I was humming to myself the other day, getting ready for work on a lovely summer morning, when I decided to check my messages on the house phone. I hit the play button and heard a message from Wegmans warning me about some fruit that I had bought at their store. As quick as that, a message with the scary potential to change my life or the life of someone I love.

    July 24, 2014 1 Photo

  • NIA Glynn, Don mug GLYNN: Ortt jumps on drive to repeal the SAFE Act It was a no-brainer for North Tonawanda Mayor Rob Ortt, a Republican candidate for the 62nd Senate District seat, to join the forces to repeal the state's SAFE Act.

    July 24, 2014 1 Photo

  • Verplank: Turn back the clock at the Porter Cup

    July 24, 2014

Featured Ads
House Ads
AP Video
US Ready to Slap New Sanctions on Russia Kerry: Not Worried About Israeli Criticism Boater Rescued From Edge of Kentucky Dam Girl Struck by Plane on Florida Beach Dies Rodents Rampant in Gardens Around Louvre House to Vote on Slimmed-down Bill for Border Looming Demand Could Undercut Flight Safety Raw: 2 Shells Hit Fuel Tank at Gaza Power Plant Raw: Massive Explosions From Airstrikes in Gaza Giant Ketchup Bottle Water Tower Up for Sale Easier Nuclear Construction Promises Fall Short Kerry: Humanitarian Cease-fire Efforts Continue Raw: Corruption Trial Begins for Former Va Gov. The Carbon Trap: US Exports Global Warming Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating
Opinion
House Ads
Night & Day
Twitter News
Follow us on twitter
Hyperlocal Search
Premier Guide
Find a business

Walking Fingers
Maps, Menus, Store hours, Coupons, and more...
Premier Guide
Front page